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Mints are aromatic perennial herbs with quadrangular stem and bearing leaves with essential oil present in glands located in the subcuticular region. Among the various types of mints, only Japanese mint is cultivated in the tropics or subtropics with a cooler climate.
Mints are a group of plants belonging to the family Labiatae (Lamiaceae) and the genus Mentha.Four major mints recognised in this genus.
Mentha arvensis L – Japanese mintMentha piperita L – Pepper mintMentha spicata L. – Spear mintMentha citrata Ehrh. – Bergamot mint or Lemon mint